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Europium metal

General characteristics

Europium is soft silvery-white metal that relates to a group of lanthanides. Atomic number is 63 and atomic weight is 151.96. It is designated in periodic system as Eu. It was separated from rare-earth elements just before XX century by French chemist Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, who named it in honor of Europe. Nowadays, industry obtains it by a method of vacuum recovering from Eu2 O3 oxide with a help of lanthanum, carbon, EuCl3 electrolysis. Among lanthanides, europium is one of the most expensive metals. Depending on index of purity, it can cost from 800 to 2000 dollars per 1 kilogram.

Chemical properties

Europium covers with oxide film in air very fast. It is kept in cans filled with liquid paraffin or kerosene. Chemical valency is +2 +3. It separates almost all metals from salt solutions.

Physical features

Melting point is 826 °C, boiling temperature is 1597 °C, and specific weight is 5.24 g /cm3. Being a workable metal, it can be easily processed — bent, rolled, drilled, milled, cut. At a temperature of 1.8°K and pressure of 80 HPa, europium becomes a super-conductor.

Physical properties of Eu

Description Identification
Atomic (molal) weight mole/h 151.9
Oxidation rate 3,2
Density [g/cm3]
5.24
Melting point 826°С
Melting heat kJ/mole n/a
Heat conductivity K [V/m*K] 13.9
Evaporation heat kJ/mole 178

Application

It relates to a group of non-ferrous metal. Available mill-products: rod, wire, sheets etc. They can be used in nuclear reactors in the capacity of neutron absorber (borate, hexaboride, Eu2 O3 oxide). Europium can form light-sensitive joints. Eu2 O3 oxide is applied by nuclear -hydrogenous energetics for thermochemical water splitting. Unstable europium 154 can be used as a nuclear fuel. Europium ions can generate orange radiation with wave length of 0.61 µm, which serves as a basis for making of liquid and solid-state lasers.

Buy at a bargain europium metal price

«Auremo» europium metal supplier sells rare and refractory metals on the favourable terms. A high selection of products and its alloys is presented in stock. Europium metal price depends on order quantity and additional conditions of supply. If you buy europium metal you will be given special discounts. Our managers are always ready to lend a knowledgeable assistance. Buy europium metal in «Auremo» europium metal supplier. A large assortment will not leave you without a choice. All products are certificated. The delivery is implemented in the shortest terms.