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Germanium metal (bar)

Germanium is sot metal of silvery color. It is an element of the fourth group of periodic system, where it is designated as Ge. It relates to trace elements. Its atomic weight is 72.59 and specific weight is 5.33 g/cm3. It was invented in 1886 by German scientist. Its name derived from a name of his motherland — Germany. It cannot be met in a pure state. It can only be met as an additive in nickel-tungsten mines, sedimentary rocks, carbone, silicates, turf, thermal water. It can also be stored in algaes.

Technical characteristics

Germanium is relatively brittle metal. It is not exposed to cold or hot pressure working up to a temperature of 550 °C. Surface film makes it fairly resistant to effect of air, water, salt acid in standard conditions. It weakly reacts with caustic sodas but can be easily dissolved with chloronitrous acid or alkali solution of hydrogen superoxide. Chemical valency is +2 +4. Chemical compounds with high valence are more stable. The most frequently is used dioxide GeO2. .

Physical properties of Ge

Description Identification
Atomic (molar) weight mole/h 72.64
Oxidation rate 4,2
Density [g/cm3]

5.323
Melting point 938.2°С
Melting heat kJ/mole 36.8
Heat conductivity K [V/m*K] 60.2
Evaporation heat kJ/mole 328

Manufacture

Germanium is obtained by non-ferrous ore processing and out of coal ash. Germanium content is defined with a help of emission spectrum analysis, where it is found by forming of germanium-molybdenum bright-yellow acid. It is smelted by metallurgic method at a temperature of 800−1800°C. To obtain engineering germanium, it must be purified in quartz columns with a help of salt acid by thermal diffusion method that is intended to do crystallization. Manufacture of single-crystalline germanium used in semi-conducting devices specifies by GOST 16 153−80 and technical conditions.

Application

This metal relates to semi-conductors that are used as high-frequency single-crystallines for manufacture of transistors, photoconductive resistors, photodiodes, and diodes. There are made Hall devices, resistant thermometers, lenses of X-ray spectrum analysis. High-tensile germanium spatter is used in jewelry and dentoprosthetic technique. Some alloys on its basis are intended to be used in anticorrosion coverings. Additives of GeO2 dioxide are utilized in alloys, metal mill-products — wire, bar, sheets.

Germanium metal supplier

«Auremo» company proposes to buy germanium metal for the most favorable price. A wide range of high-quality goods is presented in stock. They comply with GOST and International Standards of quality. Our offices located in Moscow, St. Petersburg and cities of Central Europe provide availability of products and efficiency of delivery. You can easily buy germanium «Auremo» supplier. Germanium metal price depends on order quantity and additional conditions of supply. If you buy germanium metal by wholesale, you will be given special discounts.

Buy at a bargain price

An unrestricted range of products that is presented in «Auremo» germanium metal supplier complies with GOST and International Standards of quality. A wide selection of products, comprehensive consulting service, affordable germanium metal price and short-time delivery define a company’s image. Supplies are implemented directly from stock. It gives a vivid choice of products for customers and significant saving in storages and premises. Germanium semi-fabricates are always in stock. You can buy products for the best germanium metal price from supplier. «Auremo» germanium metal supplier has all capabilities for manufacturing the high-quality products of off-gauge sizes by individual order. We invite you to a partnership.

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