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Constantan wire CuNi40, CuNi44

Equivalent

Grade analogue W. Nr. Aisi Uns En Order
МНМц43-1.5 2.0842 C72150 CuNi44 Delivery from the stock, in stock
МНМц40-1.5 CuNi40 Delivery from the stock, in stock
МНМЦ40-15 Delivery from the stock, in stock

Composition

An alloy has got its name from Latin — constants — which means «unchanged», «permanent» because its real resistance virtually does not depend on temperature. Constantan constitutes a silver-yellow alloy that consists of cuprum (58−60%), nickel (38−40%), manganese (1−2%). A melting point is 1260 °C, a linear expansion is 14 • 10-6 1/°С, a density is 8,9 g/cm³.

Percentage composition of constantan CuNi40

C Fe Ni+Co Si Impurities Cu Mn
≤ 0.1 ≤ 0.5 39 — 41 ≤ 0.1 0.9 56.1 — 60 1 — 2

Advantages

It possesses a heat resistance, a plasticity, a constancy of electrical properties. At a temperature of 20 °C, specific electric resistance equals to 0,48 Ohm-mm2/m. After a special process (stabilizing annealing), a coefficient of thermal real resistance rises to 2x10−6 1/К, in an annealed (soft) condition constantan eр = 40 — 50%, sр = 400 — 500 MPa and r = 0,45 — 0,48 Ohm-mm2/m; in hard constantan -eр = 2…5%, sр = 650 — 720 MPa and r = 0,46 — 0,52 Ohm-mm2/m.

Demerits

Such a wire is quite expensive because of nickel presence in its composition. Besides, nickel is prone to damage of a sulfur effect when raising a temperature. The main demerit of alloy is a huge thermoelectromotive force (40−50 mkV/°С) in a combination with cuprum. Thereby, it limits its usage in precise instruments and stable resistors because clue heating of contact elements leads to an appearance of current intensity that impairs the indicated values. In this regard, there can be used manganin if it is necessary to achieve a high accuracy.

Application

Constantan wire is commonly used in a manufacturing of rheostats, compensating lead wires, heating units. The most popular wire is Ø 0,03−5 mm, and a strip of no more than 0,1 mm. A thermocouple made of constantan wire with cuprum differs with significant thermoelectromotive force and is used at a not very high working temperature (up to 500°С). In such thermocouples, cuprum, chromel or ferrum are positive electrodes; negative are copel and alumel (except of constantan). Thermocouple consists of electric conductor fumes, that are soldered in one end and placed into environment oriented for thermometry («hot junction»). Then, exposed ends are going to be placed into a thermostatic regulator (so-called cold junction). An alloying allows withstanding a short-range effect of a high temperature up to 1300 °C while working in aggressive environment. Constantan wire, less often a strip or a rod are utilized for manufacturing heating controllers, compensating lead wires.

An alloy is delivered in the following way:

A rod (Ø 12,0 — 100,0 mm);

A strip (0,1−5,0 mm of thickness; 3−600 mm of wideness).

A wire (Ø 0,10 — 12 mm);

Physical characteristics of constantan CuNi40 at a temperature 20°C

Property Magnitude
Hardness, soft alloy HB 10 -1 480 MPa
Melting point 1350°C
Hardness, hard alloy HB 10 -1 720 MPa
Annealing temperature 950°C
Hot working temperature 1170

Constantan wire supplier

«Auremo» supplier offers to make purchases by wholesale. There is a wide range of half-finished goods in stock. Here you can find an affordable price from a constantan wire supplier. Buy constantan wire right now. Constantan wire price is privileged for wholesale customers.

Buy constantan wire at a bargain price

«Auremo» company implements heat-resistant alloys, rare and refractory metals on favourable terms. Constantan wire price is conditioned by technologic details of production without including additional expenses. There is a wide range of goods for scaled-up fabrications in stock. We also have attractive terms for retail customers. On company’s web-site, you can find a price-list, a catalog of production and all information about it. A constantan wire price depends on order quantity, additional conditions of supply. You can easily find us through the Internet. «Auremo» company offers to make purchases by wholesale. «Auremo» company is a profitable supplier in this segment. You can easily buy constantan wire right now. There is an affordable price from constantan wire supplier. We are waiting for your orders.